European History & AP Euro

Click here for Sparkcharts for European History

Quarter 3: 1848-1950
Weekly Syllabus and Homework Assignments

Quarter 3ALL Students - DUE Week 20, Feb 24AP Students WWI DBQ - DUE Week 20, February 16All Students - DUE Week 19, February 9All Students - DUE Week 18, February 2All Students - DUE Week 17, January 26

Modernity & World Wars

From photography through the world wars and modernity. 

The Roaring 20s!


Recap: The InterWar period in Europe from 1918-1939 was vibrant, scattered, and intense. The post-war repairs were expensive, countries had lost a generation of people, modernity was in full force and people were driving everywhere, wearing new clothes, listening to new music and thinking & talking about things in new ways. It was the rise of social darwinism and scientific racism, of anti-semitism and fascism, as well as scientific breakthroughs. The world was economically depressed and playing the blues. Women’s clothes were becoming maneuverable and  ‘Art Deco’ was on the rise, too!


Watch: Start first with the Versailles Treaty that ended WWI: and

Know: Who are these people and what was their major impact?

  • Charles Darwin
  • Albert Einstein
  • Sigmund Freud
  • Marie Curie
  • Theodor Herzl
  • Karl Popper

Know: What these concepts are:

  • Social Darwinism
  • Scientific Racism
  • Zionism
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Quantum Theory
  • Relativity

For answers, Watch:


Use This rubric, which shows you the points you can get:

Download (PDF, 779KB)


Download (PDF, 3.44MB)

World War I – part b

  1. Watch Crash Course WW1:
  • AP Students Watch Mr. Sargeant’s WWI Post:

Assignment: WWI caused what is called the “Lost Generation” – so many future artists, writers, musicians were lost to the war. We studied some of the music of WWI on Friday. This week, your assignment is to read or watch or study the literature, film, poetry, and depictions of WWI.

You will be presenting on your choice: name, date, and what the piece is (art, miniseries, book, movie, or poem.) Plus the story of the piece – the plot, theme, or moral. The history of the creator, and especially how the piece reflects WWI and was influenced by the war. Be prepared to ask questions and to be asked questions!

1) British Art and literature choices:
2) British Poetry of WW1
3) Books – suggestions:
– All quiet on the western front
– Farewell to Arms
– Testament to Youth
– War Horse
– Rilla of Ingleside
– A Very Long Engagement
4) Miniseries
– Downton Abbey, second season
– ANZAC Girls
– Birdsong (some explicit scenes)
5) Movies (many on YouTube)
Most of the books above plus:
– Lawrence of Arabia
– Beneath Hill 60
– The Water Diviner
– Joyeaux Noel (The Christmas Miracle)

– These are only suggestions! You can find others. The rule is that it can NOT be only focused on Americans (this is EURO history) and that you must know about it. Watch the whole movie, know the author, etc.

World War I

Know: Give at least one example of how each of the following played a role in starting or expanding the levels of WWI:

1) Mutual Defense Alliance

2)  Imperialism

3) Industrialism

4) Nationalism

5) Arms race

6) Militarism

7) Greater/Great Serbia movement (or Black Hand)

8) The ambition of Germany and Austria-Hungary (Dual Alliance)

9) Colonialism (Imperialism is spreading a culture, colonialism is creating small parts of the parent country in other places.)


Crash Course:


AP Students: Tom Richey

Key Causes:


10 reasons for WWI:

World War 1 – part a
Welcome to Realism, Impressionism and Photography!!






Answer one of three questions, any way you wish (essay, presentation, pictures and descriptions, interpretive dance, video, etc):

  1. It’s the late 1800s in Europe. How did the invention of photography change the everyday lives of people? (at least 4 examples!!)
  2. It’s the late 1800s in Europe. How did the invention of photography challenge the trends and understand of painted art? Speak to both Realism and Impressionism. How did photography serve art?
  3. (2-part question) It’s 1884. Seurat completes Sunday in the Park; what is it’s impact on the art world? It’s 1984. How does Sunday in the Park with George reinterpret Seurat’s impact 100 years later?

Quarter 2: 1600s-1848
Weekly Syllabus and Homework Assignments

Quarter 2All Students - DUE Week 16, January 12All Students - DUE Week 14, December 15All Students - DUE Week 13, December 8All Students - DUE Week 12, December 1AP STUDENTS ONLY - DUE Week 12, December 1DUE Week 11, November 17DUE Week 10, November 10DUE Week 11, November 17

Economic Changes & Revolutions

From the race to colonization through the French Revolution.

Welcome to 1848!!!

  1. Read about the Revolutions of 1848:
  2. Watch (You can watch Mr. Richey’s whole series on the topic, they are great.) OR!!
  3. If you want to replace both of those, Listen to the BBC podcast on the topic:
  4. AP Students watch and/or know about (you can absolutely find your own resources like Tom Richey’s videos ( or Mr. Fairbanks ( or study the unifications and that will bring together the big picture (here’s the first, Italy but also watch Germany and France,
    1. Concert of Europe. (
    2. Metternich. (
    3. Talleyrand. (
    4.  Castlereagh. (
    5. Bismarck. (
  5. Know the War & Revolution section of the SparkNotes chart! (

19th Century Political Ideas! 

  1. Know the SparkNotes category: 19th Century Political Ideas
  2. Watch: Dostoevsky – (curious for more? Today I found out –
  3. Watch: Crash Course’s Nationalism –
  4. Edmund Burke and Conservatism. Read: or Watch
  5. Watch Robert Owen:
  6. Watch Thomas Malthus
  7. Watch Karl Marx v Adam Smith:
    1. OR!!!
    2. Watch Adam SmithInvisible Hand
    3. Watch Karl Marx, Marxism:
      1. OR!!! Read


  • We’re going back in time, a little to discover how Romanticism changed the dynamics of Europe.
  1. Know the SparkNotes category: Romanticism
  2. Watch Crash Course Industrial Revolution,
  3. Watch School of Life Romanticism,
  4. Watch Mr. Osborne – The Romantic Period,
  5. Watch or Read Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice. Yes, you can watch an adaptation, either the 2005 movie with Kiera Knightley and Matthew Macfayden or the 1995 mini-series with Colin Firth and Jennifer Ehle. (You can watch a synopsis, as well.)
  6. Know the Sturm und Drang movement. If you speak German, this is a great video: I don’t, so I had to find resources elsewhere… like the encyclopedia:
  7. Read Frankenstein OR Watch either Ted Ed’s Everything you need to know to read “Frankenstein” OR SparkNotes’ Frankenstein
  8. Choose: (You can research either one in other ways, as well) Khan Academy’s Constable painting the Hay Wain or  Turner’s Slave Ship
  9. Listen to some Debussy (Ciccolini or Liszt (Un Sospiro:
  10. AP STUDENTS Watch Tom Richey’s Romanticism and Tom Richey’s Romantic Art:

Les Miserables – France in turmoil, 1789-1830

  1. Read Les Misérables and History by Susanne Alleyn: watch PLUS
  2. Watch (or Read) Khan Academy’s analysis of Delacroix’s Liberty Leading the People
  3. Watch Tom Richey’s French Revolution (Part 1) (There is no part 2 yet, this was published yesterday):
  4. Watch Robespierre: or Read
  5. Know the 2 SparkNotes categories: French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era.
  6. Watch or Read Les Miserables!

Complete the following 3 assignments: 

  1. Complete all:

    Download (PDF, 204KB)

  2. Complete pages 15-31

    Download (PDF, 5.96MB)

  3. Write a Long Essay (40 minutes),  answering the following question – “Was Napoleon an ‘Enlightened Despot,” a Dictator, or a Son of the Revolution?” Develop your argument supported by an analysis of historical evidence.

– Read Spark Charts about the French Revolution

– Watch: TedEd, What caused the French Revolution?

– Read Thomas Jefferson’s 1st-person account of the French Revolution:

– Watch either the non-AP overview of the French Revolution : or Tom Richey’s review:

– Worksheet: 

Social History- 1600-1789

  1. Watch Overview lecture (optional for non-AP students):
  2. Know SparkChart: Social Classes and Families 1600-1789.
  3. Watch either (everyone!) Mr. Sergeant’s AP Agricultural Revolution OR Mr. Richey’s Agricultural Revolution
  4. Read Births and deaths in an English gentry family
  5. Read British Entrepreneur (the box at the top of the first page): ATTACHED AT BOTTOM
  6. Watch Getting dressed in the 18th Century
  7. Watch The Roman Guy’s Ghetto OR Venice’s Jewish Ghetto
  8. (Optional) Watch: How far back could you go in time and still understand English?
  9. Know:
    • What the Enclosure Acts were (PDF here)
    • What a pinafore was in early 1700s Europe
    • Which of the residents in a Jewish ghetto were allowed to enter and exit after curfew – and why
    • The social estates and how the population fit in them in the early 1700s
    •  What a foundling home was and what happened to the residents
    • Extra: Know about Charles II and the end of the Hapsburgs:

Download (PDF, 337KB)

The French Revolution!! Vive la revolution!!

“Liberty, equality, fraternity, or death; – the last, much the easiest to bestow, O Guillotine!” ― Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities

  1. Read Spark Charts about the French Revolution
  2. Watch: TedEd, What caused the French Revolution? 
  3. Read Thomas Jefferson’s 1st-person account of the French Revolution:
  4. Watch either the non-AP overview of the French Revolution : or Tom Richey’s review:
  5. Questions – Worksheet

Download (PDF, 102KB)

Fall Break: Practice AP EXAM

AP Practice Test, fullAP Exam Section 1 Part AAP Exam Section 1 Part BAP Exam Section 2 Part AAP Exam Section 2 Part B

This week, take this test as best you can. It is a FULL test but only covers what we have learned so far (1600-1725)


  1. Set the timer before you take each section. When it goes off, mark on your paper how far you got – then FINISH ANYWAY.
  2. Do each section separately. Prepare before you start without looking at the test. Watch the videos, go over your notes. Know your approach – with the multiple choice – go with your gut, first answer that looks right. With the DBQ, make sure you check each one to include it.
  3. Take a break! Your hand WILL get tired in the second section. Some students even do writing practice for endurance 🙂 You will be writing for more than TWO HOURS on Exam Day so that’s smart advice! This is the beast of all AP exams and YOU CAN DO IT!!!


  • Section I:  1 hour & 35 minutes, 60% of grade
    • Part A Multiple Choice | 55 Questions | 55 minutes | 40% of Exam
    • Part B Short Answer | 3 Questions | 40 minutes | 20% of Exam Score


  • Section II: 1 hour, 40% of grade
    • Part A Document Based | 1 Question | 60 minutes (includes a 15-minute reading period) | 25% of Exam Score
    • Part B Long Essay | 1 Question | 40 minutes | 15% of Exam Score

I’m posting a bunch of PDF and instructions with this. GOOOOOD LUCK!!!

55 Multiple Choice Questions in 55 Minutes.

Section 1 Part A: Study and try taking this in the time allotted. If you can, finish them ALL and write down your time.

The 55 questions are spread over the documents:

  1. Part a has 27 Questions (last PDF in this stack)
  2. The other 5 attachments have 8 questions each. That’s 40 questions but you only need 28 more. My suggestion is do the first 6 of each and the first 3 of the last one. We will be grading ALL of it at lunch 🙂  so it doesn’t matter which 28 you choose but pick some from each!!
    Part c has 8 Questions
    Part d has 8 questions
    Part e has 8 questions
    Part f has 8 questions
    Part g has 8 questions

Download (PDF, 50KB)

Download (PDF, 40KB)

Download (PDF, 40KB)

Download (PDF, 40KB)

Download (PDF, 48KB)

Download (PDF, 39KB)

Download (PDF, 55KB)

3 Short Answer Questions in 40 minutes
(video to answer them:

Section I: Part B Short Answer | 3 Questions | 40 minutes | 20% of Exam Score

There are 4 Questions attached, below: Choose 3

  • Analyze historians’ interpretations, historical sources, and propositions about history.
  • Questions provide opportunities for you to demonstrate what you know best.
  • Some questions include texts, images, graphs, or maps.
  • You’ll have a choice between two options for the final required short-answer question, each one focusing on a different time period.

    Download (PDF, 358KB)

    Download (PDF, 258KB)





TAKE A BREAK between Section 1 & 2 🙂

Section II: Part A Document Based | 1 Question | 60 minutes (includes a 15-minute reading period) | 25% of Exam Score

This is known as the DBQ and is the single MOST DIFFICULT section of the test – you must be legible, coherent, and your essay has to fulfill a bunch of “invisible requirements”. The good news? This is TOTALLY possible if you know what is expected.

This is a 9-point essay.

Start by watching Tom Richey’s explanation:

This is the rubric he talks about:

When you think you are ready to try, here is the DBQ Question. You have 1 HOUR. Do not go past this!!!

Download (PDF, 1.7MB)

Section II: Part B Long Essay | 1 Question | 40 minutes | 15% of Exam Score

Note: You will be tired at this point – both your hand and your brain!! So TAKE A MOMENT TO READ THE PROMPTS, CHOOSE A PROMPT and MADE AN OUTLINE. This is an open essay with fewer rules and less information so PICK THE ONE YOU KNOW BEST. Seriously.

This is a 6-point essay. Look over the rubric (below) before looking at the question and watch Mr. Sargeant’s video:

Download (PDF, 61KB)

Download (PDF, 283KB)

Quarter 1: 1450s-1600s
Weekly Syllabus and Homework Assignments

Quarter 1Week 1 DUE SEPT 1 Week 2 DUE SEPT 8 Week 3 DUE SEPT 15 Week 4 DUE SEPT 22 AP STUDENTS - OverviewAP STUDENTS - Renaissance & ReformationWeek 5 DUE SEPT 29 Week 6 DUE OCT 6 Week 7 DUE OCT 13 Week 8 DUE OCT 20

Renaissance, Reformation and Counter-Reformation

Week 1, Renaissance & Protestant Reformation, Part 1

Spark Chart: City States and Dynasties, 1450-1550

Just as food eaten without appetite is a tedious nourishment, so does study without zeal damage the memory by not assimilating what it absorbs. –Leonardo da Vinci

1. Homework

Every week will start with a 5-question pop quiz. I will give you the clues to those questions the week before. These make up HALF your final grade so study!!
Primary Homework: 

Mandatory Cultural Selections:

  1. Read Machiavelli’s The Prince (also available in audio book) or watch a video about the book. (like School of Life’s
    *Answer the following question: According to Machiavelli, WHY and WHEN is it better to be feared than loved?
  2. Study Van Eyck’s Arnolfini Portrait (1434) either through the Khan Academy vide0: OR reading an article like this one:
    *Answer the following question, how is the room in the painting lit?
  3. Listen to the Gregorian Chant “Terribilis Est Locus Iste (Awesome is this place)” ( and then listen to Guillaume Dufay’s Nuper rosarum flores, which builds on the chant. (
    * Answer
    What changes did Dufay bring to the piece? How are they a representation of the essence of the early renaissance?

Week 2, Renaissance & Protestant Reformation, Part 2

Spark Chart: Renaissance Thought & Culture including the Northern Renaissance & The Age of Exploration

Just as food eaten without appetite is a tedious nourishment, so does study without zeal damage the memory by not assimilating what it absorbs. –Leonardo da Vinci

1. Homework

Primary Homework: 
1) For AP or textbook learners: Finish reading 412-51 (Ch. 13) in the textbook.
2) Watch Crash Course Renaissance Mariners: OR AP Age of Exploration review (Tom Richey):
3) Study the “Age of Exploration” infographic:
4) Watch or read about the Atlantic Slave Trade: (TedED Video):, (PBS Video -more graphic): or Read “European Christianity and Slavery”
5) Read Thomas More’s Utopia or Watch: AND Read
6) Watch Leonardo da Vinci, Virgin on the Rocks:
7) For the quiz:
– Know how the names of at least TWO famous renaissance explorers.
– Know the “Scourge of the seas” and how it was treated.
– Know why the early African kings sold slaves (hint: arms race).
– How did Thomas More die – and who ordered it?
– Why did da Vinci paint the “Virgin on the Rocks” twice?
8) AP Students: Know the differences between the Italian and Northern Renaissances:

Week 3, Reformation 1500-1600

Even if I knew that tomorrow the world would go to pieces, I would still plant my apple tree. –Martin Luther

Every week will start with a 5-question pop quiz. I will give you the clues to those questions the week before.
1)Finish Chapter 13 of the textbook or
Watch Crash Course, Luther and the Protestant Reformation:
1a) Know the Reformations on SparkNotes (
2) Watch Luther and the 95 Theses:
3) Watch Bruegel, The Peasant Wedding:
4) Listen. Martin Luther was a composer of hymns. His most famous being “A Might Fortress is our God.” Listen to the original version ( or one of the remakes (Like this one by Bach: or Paul Robeson: The hymn is often said to have a “patriotic undertone” and was used by both Germany and Sweden as anthems. Why do you think that was? Do you agree that it sounds patriotic?
5) Know:
Who Ulrich Zwengli and John Calvin were.
What was the Peace of Augsburg?
How did the Reformation change art?
What are they drinking at the Peasant Wedding?

Week 4, Life in CounterReformation Europe

Nobles discovered that their relationship with the lower classes had changed. Men had opportunities for advancement regardless of social class; the manorial system did not exist in urban centers. –Patricia Netzley 

Every week will start with a 5-question pop quiz. I will give you the clues to those questions the week before.
1) Read SparkChart, all of Page 1 through to Wars of Religion and Treaty of Westphalia:
2) Watch Khan Academy, The Counter-Reformation: 
3) Watch Lucas Cranach the Elder’s Home:
4) Read
5) Watch Khan Academy‘s Marie deMedici by Rubens:
6) Watch (Fry & Laurie, humor, slight cuss) Treaty of Westphalia:
7) Questions:
Who founded the Jesuits, and why?
What does ‘iconoclasm’ mean during the Reformation?
Name 2 of the largest European cities in 1500.
Northern Europe was mostly Catholic or Protestant by the 1600s?
Extra Credit: Know the difference between Catherine and Marie deMedici.  

This year we will be following along with Tom Richey’s recommended course of study to prepare for the AP Exam which I will post for each unit. I will include links for each section. We will also be using an AP Study Guide (You can read or download it here:

The AP Exam looks like this:
Part 1: 55 Multiple Choice Questions, 50 minutes
Part 2: 3 Short-answer questions, 30 minutes for all 3
Part 3:  DBQ/a long essay that includes references to documents that are given to you, 60 minutes
Part 4: Long essay from a choice of topics, 40 minutes

We will be practicing ALL parts of the test!! You will do great!!

1) Renaissance: Look through Tom Richey’s recommended course of study, especially watch his videos:

2)Renaissance: You may find it helpful to print page 91-103 of the study guide or take notes from it:

3)Reformation: Watch Tom Richey’s lectures & take notes

4) Using Peterson’s or Mr. Richey’s study guide, review and learn the major movements, players, and dates of the Reformation.

5) There will be a multiple choice quiz during lunch on FRIDAY. Practice test:

Download (DOC, 55KB)


Week 5: Unit 3, Absolutism and Constitutionalism

  1. Read the Chapter and/or Know the SparkChart – Constitutionalism 1550-1700 (middle of page 2)
  2. Watch Oliver Cromwell
  3. Watch Glorious Revolution in 3 Minutes:
  4. Watch Glorious Revolution and Bill of Rights:
  5. Watch TED-Ed’s Why is Vermeer’s “Girl with the Pearl Earring” considered a masterpiece?
  6. Watch European Heritage’s Union of Lublin
  7. Know:
    1. Which King does Oliver Cromwell have executed?
    2. After the Glorious Revolution, the Bill of Rights does what?
    3. Vermeer’s work – like Girl with the Pearl Earring – was funded by the merchant class, which was built (in part) by what famous company?
    4. The Lublin Union united which 2 countries?
    5. What is the 1600s in the Netherlands known as?
    6. Extra Credit: What happened to Oliver Cromwell’s head?

Week 6: Unit 3, Absolutism and Constitutionalism

  1. Read the Chapter and/or Know the SparkChart – Absolutism 1550-1700 
  2. Watch Crash Course Charles V & the Holy Roman Empire
  3. Watch Monarchies in Europe (Absolutism, Jean Tierney):
  4. AP Students, Watch Richey’s Absolutism (there is an entire playlist – which has some real sarcasm – but at least watch the first one): also Sweden
  5. Watch Louis XIV, Bio:
  6. Watch TED-ED The Origin of Ballet:
  1. Know:
    1. What families ruled Russia, Prussia and France during this century?
    2. Peter The Great of Russia is going to wage a 30-year war with what country? Why?
    3. Who built Versailles, and why is it famous?
    4. Know which rulers were Absolutists and which were Constitutionalists.
    5. Know how modern ballet was formed.
    6. EXTRA CREDIT: Which de Medici brought Ballet to France and how?

We’re here! The ENLIGHTENMENT! Woo hoo!!
Ok, thinking caps ON!

1) Read about the Enlightenment in your book or this article at Khan Academy:

2) Know the SparkNotes list on the Enlightenment!

3) Pick three Enlightenment figures and study themKnow: Born, died, nationality, what they were famous for, what they believed and who they are aligned with, if anyone.

Here are your choices:

a) René Descartes “I think, Therefore I am.” (Really. He said it.)


b) John Locke “Father of Enlightenment thinking” (or, “I coulda been a doctor, but no.”)


c) Adam Smith “Hand of God” (or, how Economics will fix itself…you, know…someday.)


d) Voltaire, the funniest of the Enlghtenment thinkers. “Religious Tolerance will Save the World (or, how to have toleration, modesty and kindness)”

e) Jean-Jaques Rousseau, hater of all things modern. “We were better before we lived in society. As naked hermits.” (Hater of the Social Contract)

f) Thomas Hobbes, hater of naked hermits. “Security over individual rights!! (Lover of the Social Contract)” (hint: he and Locke/Rousseau didn’t get along)


g) Immanuel Kant, creator of ‘Categorical Imperitives’. Want to know why you make the life choices you do? Kant shows you how.


h) Mary Wollstonecraft, early feminist thinker who went up against Edmund Burke:

– life –

– vs. Burke, by Tom Richey –

i) Anton Wilhelm Amo, a legal theorist – “On the Impassivity of the Human Mind.” An African scholar hated by Kant for the color of his skin.

– article:

– a symposium and speaker who felt that his German education made Amo a “white man in a black man’s skin.”

j) David Hume, the reader and critic. “Looking for knowledge… hello….?”


k) Denis Diderot, the thought collector. “I shall write down everything and cal it…. ENCYLOPEDIA!”


l) Olympe de Gouges (by Tom Richey):

m) Émilie du Châtelet, a pholospher and a collaborator of Voltaire and translator of Newton.


– Vigee Le Brun, the official court painter who was a WOMAN (gasp)!

You can choose other names, if you like, including Mozart, Handel, Ideas can be found: 


1) Non-AP Students, read:

or) AP Students, read

2) Know the SparkNotes list on the Scientific Revolution. AP Students know the timeline:

3) Watch Hasty History on the Scientific Revolution:

AP Students  watch Copernicus and the Scientific Revolution:

4) Watch Tom Richey’s Inductive vs. Deductive reasoning:

5) Know:
1. The relationship between Bacon and Descartes.
2. The relationship between Galileo and Kepler
3. The definitions of Exploration and Imperialism.
4. The theology of Baruch Spinoza.
5. The fundamental Enlightenment concepts of Individualism, Relativism, and Rationalism.
Extra Credit:
What was Leibniz to Newton?